Cancellation Policy

The following applies after that you’ve registered and paid for the intensive course. 

  • Cancellations up to 5 weeks before the starting date lead to a 90% reimbursement.
  • Cancellations up to 3 weeks before the starting date lead to a 60% reimbursement.
  • Cancellations up to 1 week before the starting date lead to a 30% reimbursement.
  • Cancellations made within 6 or fewer days before the starting date lead to no reimbursement.

There are plenty of interesting options for our accommodation. It will most likely be a countryside house near Tavira.

I haven't booked it yet because I want to get a better idea of the group's composition (how many couples/singles) and your preferences before I do so. That will for instance help me understand how big a house we might need.

I look forward to soon talking to you about this and much more. Até breve, p

Self-assessment
Where are you at? (1 Beginner–10 Fluent)

Surprise surprise!

Do you know what constipado means in Portuguese? It mightn't be what you are thinking...

Get a list of 50+ English-Portuguese False Friends and be surprised.

Where are you at? (1 Beginner–10 Fluent)

Are you struggling with your pronunciation?

That's because you have yet to learn the Sounds of Portuguese.

Learn more

This article is brought to you by
Stories for Portuguese language learners
Modular online course for absolute beginners

Letter X in Portuguese – How to Pronounce It

Regarding pronunciation, the letter x is definitely challenging for those learning Portuguese. Here is why;

In Portuguese, the letter x stands for four different language sounds, namely, the /ʃ/-sound (as in shape), the /ks/-sound (as in tax), the /z/-sound (as in zen), and the /s/-sound (as in sun).

Luckily, there are a few spelling patterns that will make it easier for you. Learning these patterns and keeping them in the back of your mind will allow you, in most cases, to guess it right. Read on.

IPA – International Phonetic Alphabet

The symbols in the paragraph above, the ones enclosed in forward-slashes, are IPA symbols and refer to language sounds across all languages regardless of their specific scripts. 

Read the following article if you want to learn the IPA symbols specifically concerning the Portuguese language: Portuguese pronunciation: a helpful guide to Portuguese basic sounds and spelling patterns.

/ʃ/-sound

The most common language sound produced by X is, by far, the /ʃ/-sound (as is ashes). Let’s look at a few spelling patterns rendering the /ʃ/-sound.

Words starting with X

Virtually all Portuguese words starting with an X render the /ʃ/-sound. Here’re a few examples: 

  • xeque (check)
  • xarope (syrup)
  • xerife (sheriff)
  • xenofobia (xenophobia)
  • xícara (tea-cup)
  • . . .

X in front of a consonant

Also, whenever the letter X stands right in front of another consonant, it will produce the /ʃ/-sound. Many of the words in this group have English cognates wherein the X renders a /ks/-sound instead:

  • texto (text)
  • explorar (explore)
  • extremo (extreme)
  • expectativa (expectation)
  • exterior (exterior)
  • . . .

X in between vowels

The letter X is more devious when it is stuck in between vowels. In that case, there are three possibilities and no definitive rules. Yet, in most cases, X will render the /ʃ/-sound as before. Take a look at the following examples:

  • baixo (short)
  • ameixa (plum)
  • queixa (complaint)
  • lixo (garbage)
  • puxar (pull)
  • . . .

Again, when stuck in between vowels, the letter X can also render language sounds other than the /ʃ/-sound. Let’s take a look at those cases.

/ks/-sound

The letter X produces a /ks/-sound (as in accident) when stuck in between vowels. Often, these words have English cognates that are also pronounced with the same /ks/-sound. Take a look at these examples:

  • complexo (complex)
  • taxonomia (taxonomy)
  • fluxo (flux)
  • xico (toxic)
  • axioma (axiom)
  • . . .

/z/-sound

The letter X can also stand for the /z/-sound (as in zealous). Typically, these words have English cognates *, although the latter will render the /gz/-sound instead:

  • exausto (exhaust)
  • exagero (exaggeration)
  • exílio (exile)
  • exame (exam)
  • exótico (exotic)
  • . . . 

* Speaking of cognates, you may know more Portuguese words than you think you do. Here’s something to give your vocabulary a real boost: English-Portuguese cognates – the words you already know (without knowing it).

/s/-sound

Finally, the letter X can also stand for the /s/-sound (as in sow). However, this is rare and you should look at it as an exception:

  • próximo (next)
  • ximo (maximum)
  • auxílio (help)
  • . . .

Intensive Courses

Get right on track towards fluency 

Learn more

Stay tuned for upcoming online courses and other learning materials.

Where are you at? (1 Beginner–10 Fluent)

Your opinion matters

Olá! Is there any topic you'd like me to cover in future posts? Feel free to suggest. I'm all ears.

Thank you for using Portuguesepedia. Até já, p