✬ 1.6 Articles and plural endings

In this grammar lesson, we’ll take a look at Portuguese definite and indefinite articles. Also, we’ll learn how to form plurals.

Video lesson

Recap

Here’s what the definite and indefinite articles look like in Portuguese:

definite articles
SINGULARPLURAL
o
o armário
os
os armários
a
a janela
as
as janelas
indefinite articles
SINGULARPLURAL
um
um carro
uns
(uns carros)
uma
uma casa
umas
(umas casas)

Here’re the main plural-formation patterns.

Singular → Plural
-s plural
words ending with a vowel
a guitarra → as guitarras
o estúdio → os estúdios
a lente → as lentes
-es plural
words ending with a consonant (-r,-s,-z)
o cobertor → os cobertores
o país → os países
a raíz → as raízes
-ns
words ending with an m
a viagem → as viagens
o jovem → os jovens
-is
words ending with an l
o animal → os animais
o automóvel → os automóveis
-ões, -ães, -ãos
words ending in -ão
o limão → os limões
o pão → os pães
a mão → as mãos
Let’s practice

Worth reading! Here’re a couple of reads to consolidate and even go beyond this lesson: