Geared toward Absolute Beginners, this course gives you a solid start and foundation to build upon.
This is an introductory course to the Portuguese language as spoken in Portugal. Throughout the course, we will focus on the Portuguese sound system and basic Portuguese grammar.
You will also learn how to introduce yourself and day-to-day, useful phrases. Finally, we will discuss learning resources and strategies to support your learning journey.
After the course, you will have a basic understanding of European Portuguese pronunciation and grammar. You will also be capable of engaging in simple, short oral interactions. Last but not least, you will be aware of a variety of learning resources and strategies to help you succeed at learning the language.
I will keep you updated on upcoming course seasons
This intensive course is for language learners striving toward the A2 level.
Going from the first-person of the indicative-mood
There are several irregular verbs where you can still apply the conjugation patterns above. However, you get the stem from the first-person of theindicative-mood (present tense), and not from their infinite form:
possa; possas; possa; possamos; possam
faça; faças; faça; façamos; façam
veja; vejas; veja; vejamos; vejam
venha; venhas; venha; venhamos; venham
tenha; tenhas; tenha; tenhamos; tenham
Know it by heart
For a few other irregular verbs, you don’t have any reference stem to go from – you’ll have to learn it by heart. Still, many of them take the same familiar endings of the present subjunctive:
seja; sejas; seja; sejamos; sejam
esteja; estejas; esteja; estejamos; estejam
vá; vás; vá; vamos; vão
dê; dês, dê, dêmos; deem
queira; queiras; queira; queiramos; queiram
saiba; saibas; saiba; saibamos; saibam
When to use the present subjunctive
The present subjunctive in Portuguese is often used in complex sentences and placed inside the dependent clause (right after a linking word or expression). In this section, I will guide you through several such structures.
! We often use the personal subjunctive in structures where we could also use the present infinitive instead. In that sense, they are closely related and whether we use one or the other often depends on the linking word/expression being used. Here’s a reading that goes hand in hand with the present article: Portuguese Personal Infinitive: What Is It and When to Use It.
Verbs expressing will, desire, emotion, and doubt
We often use the present subjunctive when the verbs in the main clause express either will, desire, emotion, or doubt, and are followed by the linking word que*.
* quecorresponds to that in English – it is a linking word* that introduces dependent clauses and is often followed by subjunctives.