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Past Participle in Portuguese

In Portuguese, we use the Past Participle to form Perfect tenses and the passive voice. In addition, we use Past Participles as adjectives. 

In what follows, I will walk you through the Portuguese Past Participle in greater detail. Read on.

There’s also the Present Participle or Gerúndio as we call it in Portuguese. Learn more about it: Portuguese Gerund: Progressive Tenses and Beyond.

Past Participles and Their Verb Forms

Regular Past Participles

Generally, the Past Participle is formed by replacing the suffixes –ar, -er, and -ir of the Infinitive verb forms with either ado or ido. Here’s an example for each of the 3 conjugational groups:

1st group 
-ar
2nd group
-er
3rd group
-ir
Filmar
(film)
Mexer
(stir)
Partir
(depart)
FilmadoMexidoPartido

Irregular Past Participles

Here are a few verbs with irregular Past Participles:

Past Participles
abrir (open)aberto
cobrir (cover)coberto
dizer (say)dito
escrever (write)escrito
fazer* (do) feito
pagar (pay)pago
ver (see)visto
vir (come)vindo
pôr (put)posto

* The Portuguese verb Fazer is versatile and idiomatic. Learn more about it it: The Portuguese Verb “Fazer” and All the Things You Say with It.

Shifting Past Participles

Some verbs have two Past Participle forms, one regular and the other irregular. The regular form is used in connection with the auxiliary verbs Ter and Haver, whereas the irregular one is used with Ser or Estar :

Regular Participle
Ter/Haver
Irregular Participle
Ser/Estar
aceitar
(accept)
aceitadoaceite
entregar
(deliver)
entregadoentregue
matar
(kill)
matadomorto
salvar
(save)
salvadosalvo
acender
(light)
acendidoacesso
eleger
(elect)
elegidoeleito
morrer
(die)
morridomorto
prender
(arrest)
prendidopreso
exprimir
(express)
exprimidoexpresso
imprimir
(print)
imprimidoimpresso

Here’s an example with the verb eleger:

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Olá! This is Pedro and I'm the founder of Portuguesepedia, a platform created to support and accelerate your Portuguese learning journey. Até já, p

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